Replication clamps and clamp loaders - Abstract

Replication clamps and clamp loaders - Abstract

Massive Allis Chalmers HD21 Dozer - YouTube

Aug 08, 2014 · Big. Old. At Auction. An Allis Chalmers D21 Dozer. Old iron is an understatement when it comes to this beast. Seen at the Empire Farm Days 2014 equipment auc

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Loading Clamps for DNA Replication and Repair | Request PDF

Sliding clamps and clamp loaders were initially identified as DNA polymerase processivity factors. Sliding clamps are ring-shaped protein complexes that encircle and slide along duplex DNA, and

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How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a Sliding Clamp

Dec 23, 2011 · Sliding clamps cannot load onto DNA spontaneously because they are closed circles (5, 10, 11) ().Instead, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)–dependent complexes known as clamp loaders open the sliding clamps and load them onto primed DNA in the correct orientation for productive engagement of the polymerase [the clamp loaders are the γ/τ complex in …

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Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders

Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders. Figure 4. The clamp-loading mechanism. The catalytic reaction cycle for the loading of sliding clamps onto DNA by clamp loaders is shown as a schematic diagram. ( A) Opening of the sliding clamp ring. In the absence of ATP, clamp loaders bind their respective clamps very weakly.

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The ATP Sites of AAA+ Clamp Loaders Work Together as a

Feb 28, 2014 · The subunits of the clamp loader complex belong to the AAA+ family of ATPases and contain three structural domains: domains I and II contribute to ATP binding, and the C-terminal domain III supports oligomerization (Fig. 1 B) ().Several key residues within the ATP binding pocket serve to coordinate ATP binding and hydrolysis, including sensors 1 and 2, the …

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Analysis of the role of PCNA-DNA contacts during clamp

Jan 30, 2010 · In an ATP-dependent reaction, clamp loader complexes, such as the Replication Factor-C (RFC) complex in eukaryotes, open the clamp and load it around primer-template DNA. Results We built a model of RFC bound to PCNA and DNA based on …

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Clamping down on clamps and clamp loaders--the eukaryotic

Apr 01, 2013 · Indeed, ATP hydrolysis is necessary for association of replicative polymerases with loaded sliding clamps, a process presumed to require closure of the clamp ring as well as displacement of the clamp loader as clamp loaders and polymerases share common binding sites on sliding clamps (Piperno and Alberts 1978; Tsurimoto and Stillman 1990; Burgers 1991; …

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Conserved residues in the d subunit help the E. coli clamp

(1). Clamp loaders are claw-shaped, multi-subunit protein complexes that use ATP to catalyze assembly of clamps onto primed DNA templates for use by the polymerase (2–4). In addition to their role in DNA replication, clamps and clamp loaders play important roles in other processes of DNA metabolism, including DNA repair and recom-

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How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a Sliding Clamp

Dec 23, 2011 · Sliding clamps cannot load onto DNA spontaneously because they are closed circles (5, 10, 11) ().Instead, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)–dependent complexes known as clamp loaders open the sliding clamps and load them onto primed DNA in the correct orientation for productive engagement of the polymerase [the clamp loaders are the γ/τ complex in …

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[1] Overproduction and Purification of RFC Related Clamp

Clamp Loaders and PCNA‐Related Clamps from Saccharomyces cerevisiae By GO¨ RAN O. BYLUND,JERZY MAJKA, and PETER M. J. BURGERS Abstract The replication clamp PCNA and its loader RFC (Replication Factor C) are central factors required for processive replication and coordinated DNA repair. Recently, several additional related clamp loaders have

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Replication clamps and clamp loaders - PubMed

Clamp loader ATPases and the evolution of DNA replication machinery

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Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders

The sliding clamps from all domains of life have a similar architecture comprised of six domains arranged in a circle. The chain-folding topologies of each domain are the same. The E. coli β clamp is homodimeric (three domains per monomer), whereas T4 gp45 and PCNA from eukaryotes and archaea are each homotrimeric (two domains per monomer).

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CELLULAR DNA REPLICASES: Components and Dynamics at the

Clamps and clamp loaders also function in other DNA metabolic processes, including repair, checkpoint mechanisms, and cell cycle progression. Twin polymerases and clamps coordinate their actions with a clamp loader and yet other proteins to form a replisome machine that advances the replication fork.

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DNA polymerase clamp loaders and DNA recognition

Feb 01, 2005 · Assembly of a chromosomal replication machine: two DNA polymerases, a clamp loader, and sliding clamps in one holoenzyme particle. I. Organization of the clamp loader. Onrust R, Finkelstein J, Naktinis V, Turner J, Fang L, O'Donnell M. J …

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Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders - CSHL P

Abstract. To achieve the high degree of processivity required for DNA replication, DNA polymerases associate with ring-shaped sliding clamps that encircle the template DNA and slide freely along it. The eukaryotic clamp loader, referred to as replication factor C (RFC) or activator 1, Three-dimensional structures of sliding clamps and

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DNA polymerase clamp loaders and DNA recognition | Request PDF

Clamp loaders assemble sliding clamps onto 3′ primed sites for DNA polymerases. Clamp loaders are thought to be specific for a 3′ primed site, and unable to bind a 5′ site.

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Clamp loader ATPases and the evolution of DNA replication

Apr 20, 2012 · High-speed replication of chromosomal DNA requires the DNA polymerase to be attached to a sliding clamp (known as proliferating cell nuclear antigen, or PCNA, in eukaryotes) that prevents the polymerase from falling off DNA [1,2].In all cells and in some viruses, the clamp is a ring-shaped protein complex that encircles DNA, forming a sliding platform on which DNA …

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Allis Chalmers HD6B Dozer - Pinterest

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Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders

Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders. Figure 4. The clamp-loading mechanism. The catalytic reaction cycle for the loading of sliding clamps onto DNA by clamp loaders is shown as a schematic diagram. ( A) Opening of the sliding clamp ring. In the absence of ATP, clamp loaders bind their respective clamps very weakly.

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Structural mechanisms of sliding clamp loader ATPases

Feb 01, 2020 · These sliding clamps act as master regulators of DNA replication, coordinating replisome action with other cellular processes. These master regulators are themselves regulated by large ATPase machines called clamp loaders that either install or remove sliding clamps from DNA. This project seeks to gain an atomic-level understanding of clamp

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